Animal Traction Network for Eastern and Southern Africa
ocument resources on transport and animal traction

Various documents relating to transport and animal traction are available. Some of these documents derive from ATNESA workshops or the workshops of the West Africa Animal Traction Network. Some have been prepared by animal traction specialists for other collaborating organisations or networks. 
(If you do not have Adobe Acrobat 4 which is needed to view and print these pdf files, you can download it free of charge from

Most papers have file sizes between 150 kb and 500 kb. Depending on the speed of your connection, these files will take between one and four minutes to download. Papers with photographs generally have larger files and these are marked in yellow (over one megabyte) or red (over two megabytes) and these will take longer to download. 

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Some articles about transport and animal traction

The potential and development in animal transport devices
       by J S Adeoti   

Improving animal-based transport: options, approaches, issues and impact (1.7MB)
       by  Mary Anderson and Ron Dennis
Improving animal-based transport: technical aspects of cart design
       by  Ron Dennis and Mary Anderson
Design, adaptation and manufacture of animal-drawn carts
       by  Josef Wirth*
Improving animal-drawn transport technology in Tanzania: work on ox carts and bearings
       by  Felix K Mujemula*
Rural transport in Zambia: the design of an ox cart which can be produced in rural areas
       by  H Vroom
Work on animal power harness technology in Kenya
       by  Luurt Oudman
A note on a donkey harnessing problem and innovation in Zimbabwe
       by  Peta A Jones
Low technology rolling-element bearings for animal-powered transport and equipment
        by C E Oram

Please note there are other resources on this subject on other pages of the ATNESA website. Keep looking!

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These pages are still under construction!

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