Animal Traction Network for Eastern and Southern Africa
ocument resources on  implements

Various documents relating to implements are available. 
The following documents relating to animal traction in Mauritania can be viewed and/or downloaded in pdf format: Some of these documents derive from ATNESA workshops or the workshops of the West Africa Animal Traction Network. Some have been prepared by animal traction specialists for other collaborating organisations or networks. 
If you do not have Adobe Acrobat 4 which is needed to view and print these pdf files, you can download it free of charge from

Most papers have file sizes between 150 kb and 500 kb. Depending on the speed of your connection, these files will take between one and four minutes to download. Papers with photographs generally have larger files and these are marked in yellow (over one megabyte) or red (over two megabytes) and these will take longer to download. 

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Articles about

Research on the mechanization of weeding with animal-drawn implements
       by  J Betker   
Use of animal-drawn implements & equipment by small scale farmers in Bauchi State, Nigeria
       by I Jalo and A D Kwatra     
Effects of introducing animal-drawn implements and equipment within Sahelian farming system in Niger
       by F Kruit   

Techniques and implements for weeding with draft animals in Tanzania
       by  A K Kayumbo

Supply and distribution of implements for animal traction: an overview with region-specific scenarios (1.4MB)
       by  Aalbert A Wanders
Improving the supply and distribution of farm implements in Ethiopia: some experiences and constraints
       by  Hans Zaugg
Improving the supply and distribution of animal traction implements: the thoughts of an inventor
       by  Jean Nolle*
Jean Nolle, 1918-1993  
       by  P Starkey     
A note on improving the supply and distribution of animal-drawn implements in Zambia
       by  E A Sakala
Improving the distribution of animal traction implements in Mbeya Region, Tanzania
       by  J Y Jumbe  

Local production of animal-drawn implements
       by  K B Van Dam  
The need for standardized producers to test ox-drawn implement: experience from Zambia
       by  R A Meijer and K Chelemu    
Les Equipment de Culture Altelée: Bilan et Perspectives pour ĺ An 2,000
        G Le Thiec   
Machines de R
écolte à Traction Animale pour Agriculteurs Raisonables
        J Nolle   
Appropriate animal drawn equipment for Sierra Leone
        J V Bangura   

Harnessing and implements for animal traction 
       by  Paul Starkey   

Please note there are other resources on this subject on other pages of the ATNESA website. Keep looking!

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