Animal Traction Network for Eastern and Southern Africa
ocument resources on economic and social issues

Various documents relating to economic and social issues are available.
Some of these documents derive from ATNESA workshops or the workshops of the West Africa Animal Traction Network. Some have been prepared by animal traction specialists for other collaborating organisations or networks. 
If you do not have Adobe Acrobat 4 which is needed to view and print these pdf files, you can download it free of charge from

Most papers have file sizes between 150 kb and 500 kb. Depending on the speed of your connection, these files will take between one and four minutes to download. Papers with photographs generally have larger files and these are marked in yellow (over one megabyte) or red (over two megabytes) and these will take longer to download. 

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Some articles about economic and social issues

Socio-economic issues in animal traction research and development in Nigeria
        by D O A Phillip and O A Ogunblle  
Economic analysis of cow traction farm technology in the Ethiopian highlands 1
        by A Panin and R E Brokken 
The social and economic aspects of anima traction in agricultural production among female headed households if Lesotho and Swaziland
        by J K Rwelamira
Les Implications Socio-économiques de la Traction Animale dans la Zone du Project du Développement Rural de Notsé
        by M K A Gbofu   
Les Aspects Economiques et Sociaux de la Traction Animale  
        by  N N Kodom  

Socio-economic constraints to the use of animal traction for rainfed rice production in the Gambia
        by A Jhoes   
Social constraints to the adoption and expansion of work in Sierra Leone
        by M S Bah   

Economic implications of animal power at the small-scale level in the savannah zone of northern Nigeria: 
a linear programming simulation of farmer circumstances 
        by D O A Phillips, G O I Abalu and S A Ingawa    

Animal traction in Lower Casamance: technical aspects and socio-economic implications
        by F Ndiame      
The economics of animal power in Koinadugu District, Sierra Leone: a case study of the work oxen introduction and credit programme   
        by H Corbel  
Farmer social variables influencing the adopting of agricultural innovation in Sierra Leone    
        by M L S Gboku     

Please note there are other resources on this subject on other pages of the ATNESA website. Keep looking!

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